Travel in Siberia


Siberia is a vast geographical region in north-eastern part of Eurasia, constituting almost all of Northern Asia. Comprising the central and eastern portion of the Russian Federation, it was part of the Soviet Union (USSR) from its beginning, as the preceding Russian Empire conquered it in the 16th century.

Encompassing much of the Eurasian Steppe, the territory of Siberia extends eastward from the Ural Mountains to the watershed between Pacific and Arctic drainage basins, and southward from the Arctic Ocean to the hills of north-central Kazakhstan and the national borders of both Mongolia and China. It makes up about 77% of Russia's territory (13.1 million square kilometres), but has only 25% of Russia's population (36 million people).

Kemerovo Region (Russian: Ке́меровская о́бласть, Kemerovskaya oblast), often called Kuzbass (Кузба́сс) after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-western Siberia, where the West-Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian mountains. The region, which covers an area of 95,500 square kilometers (36,872.8 sq mi), shares a border with Tomsk Region in the north, Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Republic of Khakassia in the east, Altai Republic in the south, and Novosibirsk Region and Altai Territory in the west. Its population is predominantly ethnic Russian, but Ukrainians, Tatars, and Chuvash also live in the region.

Kemerovo is an administrative centre of Kemerovo Region, it is the second town by the quantity of population and by the square of territory after Novokuznetsk. The coal-mining industry had been working there for over than 100 years to date.

Novokuznetsk is the largest city of Kemerovo region, the administrative centre of Novokuznetsky district of Kemerovo region, Russia, one of the biggest metallurgical and coal mining centers of Russia. Population of Novokuznetsk is about 563.8 thousand people (at 2011), so it takes the 27th place in Russia. The Novokuznetsk urban agglomeration, which includes the towns of Kiselyovsk, Mezhdurechensk and Prokopyevsk has a population of 1.13 million people.

One of the most picturesque places of Siberia is Podnebesnye Zubja – mountain chain on the south of Kuznetsk Alatau – is located in 60 km from the city of Mezhdurechensk.

Altai is a real pearl of Siberia. It is a place of rare beauty and primordial nature. Many European tourists compare this place to Switzerland. Really Altai Mountains remind Alps in many aspects, but have some favorable differences. In the Altai Mountains beauty there is special Siberian touch. You admire not only the landscape, but the greatness and power of these mountains covered with snow. The ocean of mountain taiga, crystal-clear mountain rivers and lakes, large edelweiss meadows, wonderful waterfalls!

Mountain Shoria is often called the Siberian Switzerland for its nature wealth and beauty. This area has all opportunities to become the international tourist centre. The reason is that according to the number of recreational resources and their quality it excels others in the majority of recreational zones.

Lake Baikal (Russian: о́зеро Байка́л, tr. Ozero Baykal) is the world's oldest and deepest lake at 30 million years old and with an average depth of 744.4 metres.

Located in the south of the Russian region of Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast, it is the most voluminous freshwater lake in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world's unfrozen surface fresh water.

Lake Teletskoye is the largest one in Altai and one of the biggest in Russia. The maximal depth of the lake is about 330 m. The name of the lake goes from the name of the teleut tribe, lake Teletskoye often is called a smaller brother of Baikal. As Baikal lake Teletskoye is elongated between the mountains, many rivers and streams flow into this lake, but only one river flows out, it is the river Biya.

Krasnoyarsk Krai (Russian: Красноярский край, tr. Krasnoyarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). It is the second largest federal subject after the Sakha Republic, and Russia's largest krai, occupying an area of 2,339,700 square kilometres (903,400 sq mi), which is 13% of the country's total territory. The administrative center of the krai is the city of Krasnoyarsk.

The Tyva Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Тыва́, tr. Respublika Tyva), or Tuva (Russian: Тува́), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). It lies in the geographical centre of Asia, in Southern Siberia. The Republic borders the Altai Republic, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Irkutsk Oblast, and Buryatia in Russia and Mongolia to the south. Forests, mountains, and steppe make up a large part of the geography. A majority of the people are Tuvans who speak the Tuvan language, but Russian is also spoken extensively. The capital city is Kyzyl. Tuva is governed by the Great Khural which elects a chairman for a four-year term. The current chairman is Sholban Kara-ool.

Republic of Khakassia (Russian: Респу́блика Хака́сия, Respublika Khakasiya) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in south-central Siberia. Abakan is the capital and the largest city of the republic. Khakas is a Turkic language with co-official status in the republic.


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